Maulini vs Serrano 28 Phil 640, 16 Dec 1914, G.R. No. L-8844

Fact:
Defendant obtained a promissory note from various makers and indorsed it to the plaintiff. The plaintiff uses the defendant as an accommodating party for him to he the recipient of the said notes then later, the notes is indorsed to him. The plaintiff then filed a case against the defendant, and making him liable for then unpaid notes. The trial court found the defendant liable in accordance to article 29 of the negotiable instrument which accommodation party as “one who has signed the instrument as maker, drawer, acceptor, or indorser, without receiving value therefor, and for the purpose of lending his name to some other person. Such a person is liable on the instrument to a holder for value, notwithstanding such holder at the time of taking the instrument knew the same to be only an accommodation party.” hence, this case.

Issue:
Whether the defendant, an accommodating party, is liable to the payee.

Held:
No, The accommodation to which reference is made in section is not one to the person who takes the note ā€” that is, the payee or indorsee, but one to the maker or indorser of the note. It is true that in the case at bar it was an accommodation to the plaintiff, in a popular sense, to have the defendant indorse the note; but it was not the accommodation described in the law, but, rather, a mere favor to him and one which in no way bound Serrano. In cases of accommodation indorsement the indorser makes the indorsement for the accommodation of the maker. Such an indorsement is generally for the purpose of better securing the payment of the note ā€” that is, he lend his name to the maker, not to the holder. Putting it in another way: An accommodation note is one to which the accommodation party has put his name, without consideration, for the purpose of accommodating some other party who is to use it and is expected to pay it. The credit given to the accommodation part is sufficient consideration to bind the accommodation maker. Where, however, an indorsement is made as a favor to the indorsee, who requests it, not the better to secure payment, but to relieve himself from a distasteful situation, and where the only consideration for such indorsement passes from the indorser to the indorsee, the situation does not present one creating an accommodation indorsement, nor one where there is a consideration sufficient to sustain an action on the indorsement.

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