CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 2 Dean Mariano F. Magsalin Jr. Outline

 

GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

  • Concept and Origin of the Bill of Rights
  • Classification
  1. Civil Rights
  2. Political Rights
  3. Social and Economic Rights
  • Doctrine of Preferred Freedom (Hierarchy of Rights)
    • PBM Employees Org. vs. PBM Co., Inc., 51 SCRA 189 (1973)
  • The Fundamental Powers of the State
    • Similarities, Differences and Limitations
  • POLICE POWER
    • Definition, Scope & Basis
    • Characteristics
    • Who exercises said power?
  • Tests of Police Power
    • Laws:
    • Balacuit v. CFI, G.R. No. L-38429, June 30, 1988
    • Lozano vs. Matinez, 146 SCRA 323 (1986)
    • Del Rosario vs. Bengzon, 180 SCRA 521 (1989)
    • Tablarin vs. Judge Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730 (1987)
  • Zoning and Regulatory Ordinances
    • Ermita – Malate Hotel & Motel Operators v. City Mayor, 20 SCRA 849 (1967)
    • Cruz vs. Paras, 123 SCRA 569 (1983)
    • Velasco vs. Villegas, 120 SCRA 568 (1983)
    • Magtajas vs. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255 (1994)
    • Tano v. Socrates, G.R. 110249, August 27, 1997
    • City of Manila v. Judge Laguio, G. R. No. 118127, april 12, 2005
  • Administrative Rules and Regulations
    • Bautista vs. Junio, 127 SCRA 329 (1984)
    • Taxicab Operators of Metro Manila vs. BOT, 119 SCRA 597 (1982)
    • Mirasol v. DPWH, G.R. No. 158793, June 8, 2006
    • Anglo-Fil Trading vs. Lazaro, 124 SCRA 494 (1983)
    • PPA v. Cipres Stevedoring, G.R. No. 145742, July 14, 2005
    • Chavez v. Romulo, G.R. No. 157036,  June 9, 2004

EMINENT DOMAIN

  • Definition
  • Who exercises the power?
    • City of Manila vs. Chinese Cemetery of Manila, 40 Phil 349 (1919)
    • Moday v. Court of Appeals, 268 SCRA 368 (1997)
  • Constitutional limitation – Art. II. Sec. 9           
  • Distinguished from destruction due to necessity
  • Objects of Expropriation
    • v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1969)
  • Where Expropriation Suit is Filed
    • Barangay San Roque v. Heirs of Pastor, GR 13896, June 20, 2000
  • Taking
    • Definition and Scope
  • Requisites of Taking
    • Republic vs. Castelvi, 58 SCRA 336 (1974)
    • City Govt. of Quezon City vs. Ericta, 122 SCRA 759 (1983)
  • Deprivation of Use
    • Republic vs. Fajardo, 104 Phil. 443 (1958)
    • Napocor vs. Gutierrez, 193 SCRA 1 (1991)
    • Napocor v. San Pedro, G.R. No. 170945, September 26, 2006
    • U.S. v. Causby, 328 U.S. 256 (1946)
    • PPI v. Comelec, 244 SCRA 272 (1995)
  • Priority in Expropriation
    • Filstream International v. CA, 284 SCRA 716 (1998)
    • City of Mandaluyong v. Francisco, G.R. No. 137152, January 29, 2001
    • Lagcao v. Judge Labra, G.R. No. 155746, October 13, 2004
    • JIL. v. Mun. of Pasig, G.R. 152230, August 9, 2005
  • Public use
    • Heirs of Juancho Ardona vs. Reyes, 125 SCRA 220 (1983)
    • Sumulong vs. Guerrero, 154 SCRA (1987)
      Province of Camarines Sur vs. CA, 222 SCRA 170 (1993)
    • Manosca v. Court of Appeals, 252 SCRA 412 (1996)
    • Estate of Jimenez v. PEZA, G.R. No. 137285, January 16, 2001
  • Government Withdrawal
    • NHA v. Heirs of Isidro Guivelondo, G.R. No. 154411, June 19, 2003
    • NPC & Pobre v. CA. G.R. No. 106804, August 12, 2004
  • Recovery of Expropriated Land
    • ATO v. Gopuco, G.R. No. 158563, June 30, 2005
    • Republic v. Lim, G.R. 161656, June 29, 2005
  • Genuine Necessity
    • Mun. of Meycayauan vs. IAC, 157 SCRA 640 (1988)
    • De Knecht vs. Bautista, 100 SCRA 660 (1980)
    • Republic vs. De Knecht, G.R. 87351, February 12, 1990
    • De la Paz Masikip v. Judge Legaspi, G.R. No. 136349, January 23, 2006
  • Just Compensation
    • Defined
    • Eslaban v. De Onorio, G.R. No. 146062, June 28, 2001
    • RP vs. IAC, et al., G.R. No. 71176, May 21, 1990
  • Determination of Just Compensation
    • EPZA vs. Dulay, 149 SCRA 305 (1987)
  • When Determined
    • Ansaldo vs. Tantuico, G.R. 50147, August 3, 1990
    • NAPOCOR v. Tiangco, G>R> No. 170846, February 6, 2007
    • City of Cebu v. Spouses Dedamo, G.R. No. 142 971, May 07, 2002
  • Manner of Payment
    • Assoc. of Small Landowners v. DAR, 175 SCRA 343 (1988)
    • DAR v. CA, 249 SCRA   149 (1995)
  • Trial with Commissioners
    • Meralco v. Pineda, 206 SCRA 196 (1992)
    • NPC v. Henson, G.R. No. 129998, December 29, 1998
    • Napocor v. Sps. De la Cruz, G.R. No. 156093, February 2, 2007
    • Leca Realty v. Republic, G.R. No. 155605, Sep tember 27, 2006
  • Legal Interest for Expropriation Cases
    • NPC v. Angas, 208 SCRA 196 (1992)
    • Wycoco  v. Judge Caspillo, G.R. No. 146733, January 13, 2004
  • Writ of Possession
    • City of Manila v. Oscar Serrano, G.R. No. 142304, June 20, 2001
    • Republic v. Gingoyon, G.R. No. 166429, December 19, 2005
  • Expropriation of Utilities, Landed Estate and Municipal Property
    • Art. XII, Sec. 18
    • Art. XIII, Sec. 4
    • Art. XIII, Sec. 9
    • City of Baguio vs. Nawasa, 106 Phil. 144 (1959)
    • Zamboanga del Norte vs. City of Zamboanga, 22 SCRA 1334 (1968)

TAXATION

  • Definition and Nature
  • Purpose
    • CIR vs. Algue, Inc., 158 SCRA 9 (1988)
    • Commissioner vs. Makasiar, 177 SCRA 27 (1989)
  • Scope (The power to tax is the power to destroy)
  • Who exercises the power?
    • Art. VI Sec. 28
    • Art. XIV, Sec 4 (3)
    • Art. X, Sec. 5
  • Tax Exemptions
    • YMCA vs. CIR, 33 Phil. 217 (1916)
    • Bishop of Nueva Segovia vs. Provincial Board, 51 Phil. 352 (1927)
    • Lladoc vs. CIR, 14 SCRA 292 (1965)
    • Province of Abra vs. Hernando, 107 SCRA 104 (1981)
    • Abra Valley College vs. Aquino, 162 SCRA 106 (1988)
    • American Bible Society vs. City of Manila 101 Phil. 386 (1957)
  • Double Taxation
    • Punzalan vs. municipal Board of Manila, 95 Phil. 46 (1954)
  • License Fees
    • Physical Therapy Org. vs. Municipal Board, G.R. 10448, August 30, 1957

DUE PROCESS

  • Art. III, Sec. 1
  • Art. III, Sec. 14 (1)
  • Definition, Nature and Scope
  • Purpose of the guaranty  
    • Hurtado v. California, 110 U.S. 516 (1884)
  • Meaning of Life, Liberty, and Property
  • Substantive Due Process
    • Villegas vs. Hu Chong Tsai Pao Ho, 86 SCRA 275 (1978)
    • Rubi vs. Prov. Board of Mindanao, 39 Phil. 660 (1919)
  • Void for Vagueness/Over breadth
    • Ople v. Torres, 292 SCRA 141. (1998)
    • Estrada v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, November 19, 2001
    • David v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 171390, May 3, 2006
    • Ong v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 126858, September 16, 2005
  • Procedural Due Process
    • Publication Requirement
    • Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446 (1986)
    • PITC v. Angeles, 263 SCRA 421 (1996)
    • Republic v. Extelcom, G.R. 147096, January 15, 2002
  • Impartial Court or Tribunal
    • Tanada vs. PAEC, 141 SCRA 307 (1986)
    • Anzaldo vs. Clave, 119 SCRA 353 (1982)
    • Tejano v. Ombudsman, G.R. No. 159190, June 30, 2005
    • Tumey vs. Ohio, 273 U.S. 510 (1997)
    • People v. Court of Appeals, 262 SCRA 452 (1996)
    • Tabuena v. Sandiganbayan, 268 SCRA 332 (1997)
  • Prejudicial Publicity
    • Sheppard v. Maxwell, 384 U.S. 333 (1966)
    • Webb v. De Leon, 247 SCRA 652 (1995)
    • People v. Sanchez, G.R. No. 121039, October 18, 2001
  • Notice and Hearing:
    • Summary Dismissal Board v. Torcita, 330 SCRA 153 (2000)
    • Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, G.R. No. 139466, October 17, 2000
    • People vs. Estrada G.R. No. 130487, June 19, 2000
    • Lim v. Court of Appeals, G.R. 111397, August 12, 2002
  • Opportunity to be Heard
    • Budiongan v. De la Cruz, G.R. No. 170288, September 22, 2006
    • Roxas v. Vasquez, G.R. 114944, June 19, 2001
    • Marohombsar v. Judge Adiong, A.M. RTJ-02-1674, January 22, 2004
  • Exceptions to notice and hearing requirements
    • Philcomsat vs. Alcuaz, 180 SCRA 218 (1989)
    • Suntay vs. People, 101 Phil. 833 (1957)
    • De Bisshop vs. Galang, 8 SCRA 244 (1963)
    • Var Orient Shipping Co., Inc. vs. Achacoso, 161 SCRA 232 (1988)
  • Administrative Due Process
    • Ang Tibay vs. CIR, 69 Phil. 635 (1940)
    • Montemayor vs. Araneta University Foundation, 77 SCRA 321 (1977)
    • Meralco vs. PSC, 11 SCRA 317 (1964)
    • Ateneo vs. CA, 145 SCRA 100 (1986)
    • Alcuaz vs. PSBA, 161 SCRA 7 (1988)
    • Non vs. Hon. Dames, G.R. No. 89317, May 30, 1990

EQUAL PROTECTION 

  • Political, Economic and Social Equality
    • Art. XIII, Sec. 1 and 2 (social justice)
    • Id., Sec. 3 (protection to labor)
    • Art. XII, Sec. 10 (nationalization of business)
    • ID., Sec. 2, par. 2 (reservation of marine resources)
    • Art. II, Sec. 11 (free access to the courts)
    • Art. VIII, Sec. 5(5) (legal aid to poor)
    • Art. IX-C, Sec. 10 (protection of candidates)
    • Art. II, Sec. 26 (public service)
    • Art. II, Sec. 14 (equality of women and men)
  • Sexual Discrimination
    • Phil. Association of Service Exporters vs. Drilon, 163 SCRA 386 (1988)
  • Administration of Justice
    • People vs. Hernandez, 99 Phil. 515 (1956)
    • People vs. Isinain, 85 Phil. 648 (1950)
    • Chavez v. PCGG, G.R. 130716, December 9, 1998
    • Nunez vs. Sandiganbayan, 111 SCRA 433 (1982)
    • Gallardo v. People, G.R. 142030, April 21, 2005
  • Public Policy
    • Central Bank Employees Assoc. v. BSP, G.R. No. 148208, Dec. 15, 2004
    • PNB v. Palma, G.R. 157279, August 9, 2005
    • Unido vs. COMELEC, 104 SCRA 17 (1981)
    • PJA vs. Prado, 227 SCRA 703 (1993)
    • Olivarez v. Sandiganbayan, 248 SCRA 700 (1995)
    • Tiu v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 127410, January 20, 1999
    • Coconut Oil Refiners v. Torres, G.R.  132527, July 29, 2005
    • ISAE v. Quisumbing, G.R. No. 128845, June 1, 2000
    • PHILRECA vs. DILG, G.R. No. 143076, June 10, 2003
    • Beltran v. Secretary of Health , G.R. No. 133640, November 25, 2005

THE NON-IMPAIRMENT CLAUSE

  • Art. III, Sec. 10
  • Purpose
  • When impairment occurs
  • When Allowed
  • Emergency Powers
    • Rutter vs. Esteban, 93 Phil. 68 (1953)
  • Zoning and Regulatory Ordinances
    • Villanueva vs. Castaneda, 154 SCRA 142 (1987)
    • Sangalang vs. IAC, 168 SCRA 634 (1988)
    • Ortigas & Co. v. CA, G.R. No. 126102, December 4, 2000
  • Administration Regulations
    • Tiro vs. Hontanosas, 125 SCRA 697 (1983)
  • Rental Laws
    • Caleon vs. Agus Development Corp., 207 SCRA 748 (1992)
  • Tax Exemptions
    • Meralco v. Province of Laguna, 306 SCRA 750 (1999)

ARRESTS, SEARCHES AND SEIZURES

  • Art. III, Sec. 2 and 3
  • Purpose and Importance of the guaranty
    • Alvero v. Dizon, 76 Phil. 637 (1946)
  • To Whom Directed
    • People vs. Andre Marti, 193 SCRA 57 (1991)
  • Who May Invoke the Right?
    • Bache and Co., vs. Ruiz, 37 SCRA 323 (1971)
    • Stonehill v. Diokno, 20 SCRA 383 (1967)
    • Zurcher vs. Stanford Daily, 436 U.S. 54 (1978)
    • Wilson v. Layne, 98-0083, May 24, 1999
  • Conditions for a valid warrant
  • Existence of Probable Cause
    • Burgos vs. Chief of Staff, 133 SCRA 800 (1984)
    • Chandler v. Miller, April 15, 1997, D-96-126
    • People v. Chua Ho San, 308 SCRA 432 (1999)
    • People v. Molina, G.R. No. 133917, February 19, 2001
  • Partially Valid Warrant
    • People v. Salanguit, G.R. 133254, April 18, 2001
    • Microsoft Corp. v. Maxicorp., G.R. 140946, September 13, 2004
  • Personal determination by judge
    • Sta. Rosa Mining Co., vs. Fiscal Zabala, 153 SCRA 367 (1987)
    • Paderanga vs. Drilon, G.R. 96080, April 19, 1991
    • Pita vs. CA, 178 SCRA 362 (1987)
    • Abdula v. Guiani, 326 SCRA 1 (2000)
    • People v. Mamaril, G.R. 147607, January 22, 2004
  • Examination of witnesses
    • Pasion Vda. De Garcia vs. Locsin, 65 Phil 68 (1938)
    • Yee Sue kuy vs. Almeda, 70 Phil. 141, (1940)
    • Alvarez vs. CFI, 64 Phil. 33 (1937)
    • Mata vs. Bayona, 128 SCRA 388 (1984)
  • Particularity of description
    • Olaes vs. People, 155 SCRA 486 (1987)
    • Prudente vs. Judge Dayrit, 180 SCRA 69 (1989)
    • Chia vs. Coll. Of Customs, 177 SCRA 755 (1989)
    • 20th Century Fox Film Corp. vs. CA, 164 SCRA 655 (1988)
    • People v. Choi, G.R. No. 152950, August 3, 2006
    • Nolasco vs. Cruz Pano, 132 SCRA 152 (1985)
    • PICOP v. Asuncion, 307 SCRA 253 (1999)
    • Yousef Al Ghoul vs. CA, G.R. No. 126859, September 4, 2009
    • Del Rosario V. People, G.R. No. 142295, May 31, 2001
  • Objects of Seizure
    • Rule 126, Sec. 3, Rules of Court (ROC)
    • Unilab vs. Isip, G.R. No. 163858, June 28, 2005
  • Warrantless searches
  • Valid Waiver
    • People vs. Omaweng, 213 SCRA 462 (1992)
    • People v. Correa, 285 SCRA 679 (1998)
    • People vs. Ramos, G.R. 85401-02, June 4, 1990
    • People v. Barros, 231 SCRA 557 (1994)
    • Veroy vs. Layague, 210 SCRA 97 (1992)
    • People vs. Damaso, 212 SCRA 457 (1992)
    • Lopez vs. Comm. of Customs, 68 SCRA 320 (1975)
    • Caballes v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 136292, January 5, 2002
    • People vs. Asis, et. al., G.R. No. 142531, October 15, 2002
    • People vs. Tudtud, et. al., G.R. No. 144037, September 26, 2003
  • Incident to lawful arrest
    • Rule 126, Section 13, Rules of Court
    • Chimel vs. California, 395 U.S. 752 (1964)
    • People vs. de la Cruz, G.R. 83988, April 18, 1990
    • People v. Kalubiran, 196 SCRA 645 (1991)
    • People v. Malmstedt, 198 SCRA 401 (1991)
    • Espano v. Court of Appeals, 288 SCRA 558 (1998)
    • People vs. Tangliben, 184 SCRA 220 (1990)
    • People v. Che Chun Ting, 328 SCRA 592 (2000)
    • People vs. Estrella, G.R. Nos. 138539-40, January 21, 2003
    • People vs. Libnao, et. al., G.R. No. 136860, January 20, 2003
  • Plain view doctrine
    • People v. Musa, 217 SCRA 597 (1993)
    • Padilla v. CA, 269 SCRA 402 (1997)
    • People v. Valdez, G.R. No. 129296, September 25, 2000
    • Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321 (1987)
    • People v. Compacion, G.R. No. 124442, July 20, 2001
    • People v. Huang Zhen Hua, G.R. 139301, September 9, 2004
  • Enforcement of fishing, customs and immigration laws
    • Roldan vs. Area, 65 SCRA 320 (1975)
    • People v. Gatward, 267 SCRA 785 (1997)
    • People v. Johnson, G.R. No. 138881, December 18, 2000
    • People vs. Suzuki, G.R. No. 120670, October 23, 2003
  • “Stop and frisk”
    • Terry vs. Ohio, 392 US 1 (1968)
    • People v. Solayao, 262 SCRA 255 (1996)
    • Manalili v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 113447, October 7, 1997
    • Malacat v. Court of Appeals, 283 SCRA 159 (1997)
    • Florida v. J.L., 98-1993, March 28, 2000
  • Search of moving vehicles
    • Papa vs. Mago, 22 SCRA 857 (1968)
    • People vs. CFI of Rizal, 101 SCRA 86 (1980)
    • Salvador v. People, G.R. No. 146706, July 15, 2005
    • Whren v. United States, 95-5841, January 10, 1996
  • Emergency circumstances
    • People vs. De Gracia, 233 SCRA 716 (1994)
  • Checkpoints
    • Gen. De Villa vs. Valmonte, G.R. No. 83988, May 24, 1990
    • Aniag vs. Comelec, 237 SCRA 424 (1994)
    • People v. Usana, 323 SCRA 754 (2000)
    • People v. Vinecario, G.R. No. 141137, January 20, 2004
  • Inspection of building
    • Camara vs. Municipal Court, 387 U.S. 523 (1967)
  • Warrantless arrests
    • Rule 113, Sec. 5
    • Art. 125, Revised Penal Code
  • Rebellion as Continuing Offense
    • Umil vs. Ramos, G.R. 81567, July 9, 1990             
  • Committed in the Presence of Police Officers
    • People v. Sucro, 195 SCRA 388 (1991)
    • People v. Luisito Go, G.R. No. 116001, March 14, 2001
  • Personal Knowledge of the Offense
    • People vs. Gerente, 219 SCRA 756 (1993)
    • People v. Sinoc, 275 SCRA 357 (1997)
    • People v. Baula, G.R. No. 132671, November 15, 2000
    • People v. Cubcubin, G.R. No. 136267, July 10, 2001
  • Time of Arrest
    • People vs. Rodrigueza, 205 SCRA 791 (1992)
    • Go vs. Court of Appeals, 206 SCRA 586 (1992)
    • People v. Calimlim, G.R. No. 123980, August 30, 2001
  • Marked Money
    • People vs. Enrile, 222 SCRA 586 (1993)
  • Lack of Urgency
    • People v. Pasudag, G.R. No. 128822, May 4, 2001
    • People vs. Aminnudin, 163 SCRA 402 (1988)         
  • Effect of Bail
    • Rule 114, Section 26
  • Effect of Entry of Plea
    • People v. Plana G.R. No. 128285, November 27, 2001
  • Validity of Conviction
    • People v. Conde, G.R. No. 113269, April 10, 2001

PRIVACY OF COMMUNICATION AND CORRESPONDENCE

    • R.A. No. 4200 (Anti-Wire Tapping Law) (1965)
    • Arts, 290, 291, 292 and 299.  Revised Penal Code.
    • Gaanan vs. IAC, 145 SCRA 113 (1986)
    • Katz vs. U.S., 389 U.S. 347 (1967)
    • Ramirez vs. Ca, G.R. No. 93833, September 28, 1995
    • Salcedo-Ortanez v. CA, 235 SCRA 111 (1994)
    • Alejano v. Cabuay, G.R. No. 160792, August 25, 2005
  • Privileged Communications
  • In Re Laureta, 148 SCRA 382 (1987)
  • People vs. Albofera, 152 SCRA 123 (1987)
  • Zulueta v. Court of Appeals, 253 SCRA 699 (1996)
  • Deano v. Godinez, 12 SCRA 483 (1964)
  • Waterhouse Drug Corporation v. NLRC, G.R. No. 113271. October 16, 1997
  • Exclusionary Rule
  •             Art. III, Sec. 3(2)
  • Silverthorne Lumber vs. US, 251 US 385 (1920)
  • People v. Aruta, G.R. 120915, April 3, 1998
  • People v. Rondero, G.R. 125687, December 9, 1999
  • Liability for damages
  •             Aberca vs. Ver, 160 SCRA 590 (1989)
  • RIGHTS OF PERSONS UNDER CUSTODIAL INVESTIGATION
  • Art. III, Sec. 12
  • Miranda vs. Arizona, 384 US 436 (1966)
  • Custodial Investigation 
  •             People v. Lugod, G.R. 136253, February 21, 2001
  • People v. Del Rosario G.R. 127755, April 14, 1999
  • People v. Bolanos, 211 SCRA 262 (1992)
  • Rhode Island v. Innis, 446 U.S. 291 (1980)
  • People v. Mahinay, 302 SCRA 455 (1999)
  • Administrative Investigations
  • People vs. Judge Ayson, 175 SCRA 216 (1989)
  • Office of the Court Administrator v. Sumiling, 271 SCRA 316 (1997)
  • People v. Uy, G.R. No. 157399, November 17, 2005
  • Police Lineup
  • Gamboa vs. Cruz, 162 SCRA 642 (1988)
  • United States v. Wade, 388 U.A. 218 (1967)
  • People v. Escordial, G.R. 138934, January 16, 2002
  • People vs. Piedad, et al., G.R. No. 131923, December 5, 2002
  • Cases before January 17, 1973 not applicable
  • Magtoto vs. Manguera, 63 SCRA 4 (1975)
  • Rule under the 1973 Constitution (Voluntary, knowing & intelligent waiver)
  • People vs. Caguioa, 95 SCRA 2 (1980)
  • People vs. Tampus, 90 SCRA 624 (1980)
  • People  v. Sayaboc, G.R. 147201, January 15, 2004
  • The Galit Rule
  •             People vs. Galit, 135 SCRA 465 (1985)
  • Rule under the 1987 Constitution
  • Requirement of Competent and Independent Counsel
  •             People vs. Bandula, 232 SCRA 566 (1994)
  • People v. Quidato, G.R. 117401, October 1, 1998
  • People v. Januario, 267 SCRA 608 (1997)
  • People v. Labtan, G.R. No. 12793, December 8, 1999
  • People vs. Samus, G.R. 135957-58, September 17, 2002
  • People v. Tomaquin, G.R. No. 133138, July 23, 2004
  • People v. Bagnate, G.R. No. 133685-68 May 20, 2004
  • Counsel of Choice
  •             People vs. Gallardo, G.R. No. 113684, January 25, 2000
  • People vs. Barasina, 229 SCRA 450 (1994)
  • Counsel’s presence required in entire proceedings
  • People v. Morial, G.R. 129295, August 15, 2001
  •  
  • Seized Articles
  • People v. Castro, 274 SCRA 115 (1997)
  • People v. Wong Chuen Ming, 256 SCRA 182 (1996)
  • Marcelo v. Sandiganbayan, 302 SCRA 102 (1999)
  • People v. Macabalang, G.R. 168694, November 27, 2006
  • Confession to Newsmen
  • People v. Andan, 269 SCRA 95 (1997)
  • People v. Endino, G.R. 133026, February 20, 2001
  • People vs. Ordono, G.R. No. 132154, June 29, 2000
  • People vs. Guillermo, G.R. No. 147786, January 20, 2004
  • Other Confessions
  • People v. Malngan, G.R. No. 170470, September 26, 2006
  • People v. Gomez, 270 SCRA 432 (1997)
  • Illinois v. Perkins, 496 U.S. 292 (1990)
  • People v. Lugod, G.R. 136253, February 21, 2001
  • Re-enactment
  •           People v. Luvendino, 211 SCRA 36 (1992)
  • Exclusionary rule
  • Art. III, Sec. 12 (3)
  • Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine
  • People v. Alicano 251 SCRA 293 (1995)
  • Harris vs. New York, 401 U.S. 222 (1971)
  • New York vs. Quaries, 104 U.S. 2626 (1984)
  •            
  • RIGHT TO BAIL
  •           Art. III, Sec. 13
  • Bail Defined
  •             Rule 114, Section 1, ROC
  • Kinds of Bail
  •             Rule 114, Sections 10, 11, 14 & 15
  • When right may be invoked
  • Herras Teehankee vs. Rovira, 75 Phil. 634 (1945)
  • People vs. San Diego, 26 SCRA 522 (1968)
  • Cortes v. Judge Catral, A.M. No. RTJ-97-1387, September 10, 1997
  • Lavides v. CA, G.R. No. 129670, February 1, 2000
  • Government v. Judge Puruganan, G.R. 148571, December 17, 2002
  • Procedure for bail
  • Paderanga v. Drilon, 247 SCRA 741, (1995)
  • Go v. Bongolan, A.M. 99-1464, July 26, 1999
  • People v. Gako, G.R. 135045, December 15, 2000
  • Bail and Habeas Corpus
  • Enrile vs. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217 (1990)
  • People vs. Judge Donato, 198 SCRA 130 (1991)
  • Bail on appeal
  • People vs. Fortes, 223 SCRA 619 (1993)
  • Maguddatu v. CA, G.R. No. 139599, February 23, 2000
  • Obosa v. Court of Appeals, G.R. 114350, January 16, 1997         
  • Standards for fixing bail
  • Rule 114, Sec. 9
  • Villasenor vs. Abano, 21 SCRA 312 (1967)
  • De la Camara vs. Enage, 41 SCRA 1 (1971)
  • Almeda vs. Villaluz, 66 SCRA 38 (1975)
  • Yap v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 141529, June 6, 2001
  • Cabañero v. Cañon, A.M. No. MTJ-01-369, September 20, 2001
  • Victory Liner v. Belosillo, G.R. 425 SCRA 79 (2004)
  • Bail and the Right to Travel Abroad
  •             Manotoc vs. Court of Appeals, 142 SCRA 149 (1980)
  • RIGHTS OF AN ACCUSED
  • Art. III, Sec. 14
  • Presumption of Innocence
  • Proof beyond reasonable doubt      
  •             People vs. Dramayo, 42 SCRA 59 (1971)
  • Order of Trial
  •             Alejandro vs. Pepito, 96 SCRA 322 (1988) (modified by Rule 119 Sec. 3 (e)
  • Presumption of Guilt
  •             Dumlao vs. Comelec, 95 SCRA 392 (1980)
  • People vs. Mingoa, 92 Phil. 857 (1953)
  • Applicability to Juridical Persons
  •             Feeder Int’l Line vs. Ca CR 942 62, May 31, 1991
  • Official Duty
  •             People vs. Martos, 211 SCRA 805 (1992)
  • Equipoise Rule
  • Corpuz vs. People, 194 SCRA 73 (1991)
  • Dizon Paminatuan v. People, July 11, 1994
  • Right to be heard personally or by counsel
  • Importance of Counsel
  • People vs. Holgado, 85 Phil. 752 (1950)
  • Delgado vs. CA, 145 SCRA 357 (1986)
  • Improvident Plea of guilt            
  • People vs. Baluyot, 75 SCRA 148 (1977)
  • People vs. Magsi, 124 SCRA 69 (1983)
  • People v. Besonia, G.R. No. 151284-85, February 5, 2004
  • People v. Murillo, G.R. No. 134583, July 14, 2004
  • Right to Lawyer of Choice
  • People vs. Malunsing, 63 SCRA 493 (1975)
  • Libuit v. People, G.R. No. 154363, September 13, 2005
  • Deprivation of Right to be Heard
  •             Moslares v. CA, 291 SCRA 440 (1998)
  • Right to be informed of nature and cause of accusation
  • Lack of Arraignment
  • Borja vs. Mendoza, 77 SCRA 422 (1977)
  • People v. Alcalde, G.R. 139225, May 29, 2002
  • People v. Dy, G.R. No. 154363, September 13, 2005
  • Sufficiency of the Information
  • People v. Sadiosa, 290 SCRA 82 (1998)
  • People v. Perez, G.R. No. 122764, September 24, 1998
  • People v. Lozano, G.R. 125080, September 25, 1998
  • People v. Ladrillo, G.R. No. 124342, December 8, 1999
  • People v. Valdesancho, G.R. 137051, May 30, 2001
  • People v. Alcaide, G.R. Nos. 139225-28, May 29, 2002
  • People vs. Ostia, G.R. No. 131804. February 26, 2003
  • People vs. Flores Jr., G.R. No. 128823-24, December 27, 2002
  • People v. Cachapero, G.R. No. 153008, May 20, 2004
  •  
  • Right to speedy, impartial and public trial
  • Speedy trial
  •             Acevedo vs. Sarmiento, 36 SCRA 247 (1970)
  • People vs. Judge Laya, 161 SCRA 327 (1988)
  • Conde vs. Rivera, 45 Phil. 650 (1924)
  • Dacanay vs. People, 240 SCRA 490 (1995)
  • People v. Rivera, G.R. No. 139180, July 31, 2001
  • Solar Team Entertainment v. How, G.R. No. 140863, August 22, 2000
  • Valencia v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 165996, October 17, 229, 2005     Domondon v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 166606, November 29, 2005
  • Public trial
  •             Garcia vs. Domingo, 52 SCRA 143 (1970)
  • Perez v. Estrada, A.M. No. 01-4-03-SC, June 29, 2001
  • Impartial trial
  • Tumey vs. Ohio, 273 U.S. 510 (1927)
  • Soriano vs. Angeles, G.R. No. 109920, August 31, 2000
  • Right to confront witnesses
  • U.S. v. Javier, 37 Phil. 449 (1918)
  • Right to secure attendance of witnesses
  •             U.S. vs. Garcia, 10 Phil. 384 (1908)
  • People vs. Sandal, 54 Phil. 883 (1938)
  • People vs. De Luna, 174 SCRA 204 (1989)
  • Right to be present during trial
  • Trial in absentia
  •             Rule 115, Sec. 1 (c)
  • People vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 140285, September 27, 2006
  • When presence of the accused is a duty:
  • Arraignment and plea
  •             Rule 116, Sec. 1 (b)
  • During trial for identification
  •             Aquino vs. Military Commission No. 63 SCRA 546 (1975)
  • People vs. Salas, 143 SCRA 163 (1986)
  • Promulgation of sentence
  •             Rule 120, Sec. 6
  • Exception: Light offenses
  • PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION
  •           Art. III, Sec. 17
  • Scope covers compulsory testimonial incrimination
  • United States vs. Tan Teh, 23 Phil. 145 (1912)
  • United States vs. Ong Siu Hong, 36 Phil. 735 (1917)
  • People vs. Otadura, 86 Phil. 244 (1950)
  • Villaflor vs. Summers, 41 Phil. 62 (1920)
  • Bermudez vs. Castillo, 64 Phil. 485 (1937)
  • Beltran v. Samson, 53 Phil. 570 (1929)
  • People vs. Tranca, 235 SCRA 455 (1994)
  • South Dakota v. Neville, 459 U.S. 553 (1983)
  • Schemerber v. California, 384 U.S. 757 (1966)
  • People v. Rondero, G.R. No. 125687, December 9, 1999
  • People vs. Gallarde, G.R. No. 133025, February 17, 2000
  • In what proceedings available
  •             Pascual vs. Board of Medical Examiners, 28 SCRA 344 (1969)
  • Galman vs. Pamaran, 138 SCRA 274 (1985)
  • Use Immunity v. Transactional Immunity.
  •             Art. XIII, Sec. 18 (8)
  • R.A. No. 1379, Section 8
  • Galman vs. Pamaran, 138 SCRA 274 (1985)
  • Brown v. Walker, 161 U.S. 591
  • Exclusionary rule
  •             Art. II, Sec. 12 (3)
  • Effect of denial of privilege by court
  •             Chavez vs. Court of Appeals, 24 SCRA 663 (1968)
  • RIGHT TO SPEEDY DISPOSITION OF CASES
  • Art. III, Sec. 16
  • Art. VIII, Sec. 15
  • Art. VII, Sec. 19 par. 3
  • Art. IX, A, Sec. 17
  • Duterte v. Sandiganbayan, 289 SCRA 721 (1998)
  • Tatad vs. Sandiganbayan, 159 SCRA 70 (1988)
  • Licaros v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. 145851, November 22, 2001
  • Dimayacyac v. Judge Roxas, G.R. No. 136264, May 28, 2004
  • Bernat v. Sandiganbayan, G.R> No. 158018, May 20, 2004

PUNISHMENTS

  • Excessive fines and cruel, degrading and inhuman punishments
    • People vs. Dela Cruz, 92 Phil. 906 (1953)
    • People vs. Borja, 91 SCRA 340 (1978)
    • People vs. Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90 (1989)
    • Loiusiana v. Resweber, 329 U.S. 459 (1974)
    • Ford v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 399 (1986)
    • Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
  • The death penalty
    • Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, G.R. No. 132601 January 19, 1999
  • Involuntary servitude
    • Art. III, Sec. 18
    • Aclaracion vs. Gatmaitan, 64 SCRA 131 (1979)
  • Imprisonment for debt
    • Art. III, Sec. 20
    • Sura vs. Martin, 26 SCRA 286 (1969)
    • People vs. Nitafan, 207 SCRA 726 (1992)
    • In Re: Habeas Corpus of Benjamin Vergara, G.R. No. 154037, April 30, 2003
  • Ex post facto laws and bills of attainder
    • Art. III, Sec. 22
    • Kay Villegas Kami, 35 SCRA 429 (1970)
    • People vs. Ferrer, 48 SCRA 382 (1972)
    • People vs. Sandiganbayan, 211 SCRA 241 (1992)
    • Wright vs. CA, 235 SCRA 341 (1994)
  • Double Jeopardy
    • Art. III, Sec. 21
    • Rule 117, Sec. 7
    • R ule 120, Sec. 5
  • Elements
    • People vs. Obsania, 23 SCRA 1249 (1968)
  • Subsequent prosecution barred; Exceptions
    • Melo vs. People, 85 Phil. 766 (1959)
    • People vs. Yorac, 42 SCRA 230 (1971) (overruled)
    • PSB v. Bermoy, G.R. No. 151912, September 26, 2005
    • Heirs of Rillorta vs. Firme, 157 SCRA 518 (1988)
    • People vs. Miraflores, 115 SCRA 586 (1982)
    • People vs. Judge Vergara, 221 SCRA 560 (1993)
    • Tupaz v. Ulep, G.R. No. 127777, October 1, 1999
    • Argel v. Judge Pascua, A.M. No. RTJ-94-1131, August 20, 2001
  • Jurisdiction of Courts
    • People v. Bocar , 138 SCRA 166 (1985)
    • Galman vs. Sandiganbayan, 144 SCRA 43 (1986)
    • People vs. Grospe, 157 SCRA 154 (1988)
    • People vs. Judge Santiago, 174 SCRA 143 (1989)
  • Identity of Acts
    • People vs . Relova, 148 SCRA 292 (1987)
  • Identity of Offenses
    • People vs. City Court, 154 SCRA 175 (1987)
    • Nierras  vs. acuycuy, 181 SCRA 1 (1990)
  • Military Court Proceedings
    • Cruz vs. Enrile, 160 SCRA 702 (1988)
    • Tan v. Barrios, October 18, 1990
  • Right to Speedy Trial
    • Que vs. Cosico, 177 SCRA 410 (1989)        
    • Caes  vs. IAC, 179 SCRA 54 (1989)
  • Administrative & Criminal Proceedings
    • Icasiano vs. Sandiganbayan, 209 SCRA 377 (1992)
    • Vincoy v CA, G.R. No. 156558, June 14, 2004
    • People v. Larannaga, G.R. No. 138874, July 25, 2005
  • Plea of Guilt to Lesser Offense
  • People vs. Judge Villarama, 210 SCRA 246 (1992)

PRIVILEGE OF THE WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS

  •  Art. II, Sec. 15
  • Art. VII, Sec. 18
    • Villavicencio vs. Lukban, 39 Phil. 778 (1919)
    • Moncupa vs. Ponce Enrile, 141 SCRA 223 (1986)
    • Lansang vs. Garcia, 42 SCRA 448 (1971)
    • Chavez vs. Court of Appeals, 24 SCRA 420 (1971)
    • Gumabon vs. Director of Prisons, 37 SCRA 663 (1968)
    • In re Abadilla, 156 SCRA 92 (1987)
    • Norberto Feria vs. CA, et al. G.R. 122954, Feb. 15, 2000
    • Illusorio v. Bildner, G.R. 139789, May 12, 2000

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

  • Art. III, Sec. 4
  • I d., Sec. 18 (1)
  • Purpose
    • United States vs. Bustos, 37 Phil. 731 (1918)
    • Burgos vs. Chief Of Staff, 133 SCRA 800 (1984)
    • New York Times vs. Sulliven, 380 U.S. 51 (1964)
  • Restrictions
    • Gonzales vs. COMELEC, 27 SCRA 835 (1969)
    • Social Weather Station v. Comelec, G.R. 147571, May 5, 2001
    • Balancing of Interest Test
    • Dangerous Tendency Test
    • Clear and Present Danger Test
    • Zaldivar vs. Sandiganbayan, 170 SCRA 1 (1989)
    • Sanidad vs. COMELEC, G.R. 90878, January 29, 1990
    • Reno v. ACLU, D-96-511, June 26, 1997
    • Miriam College v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 127930, December 15, 2000
    • ABS-CBN Broadcasting c\Corp. v. Comelec, G.R. No. 133486, January 28, 2000 Chavez vs. Comelec
  • Freedom of Expression, Libel and National Security
    • Babst vs. NBI, 132 SCRA 316 (1984)
    • Espuelas vs. NBI, 132 SCRA 316 (1984)
    • Elizalde vs. CFI, 116 SCRA 93 (1982)
    • Lopez vs. Court of Appeals, 34 SCRA 116 (1970)
    • PJI v. Thoenen, G.R. No. 143372, December 13, 2005
    • Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (1989)
    • Borjal v. CA., 301 SCRA 1 (1999)
    • Baguio Midland Courier v. CA, G.R. No. 107566, November 25, 2004
  • Freedom of Expression and the Administration of Justice
    • Cabansag vs. Fernandez, 102 Phil. 152
    • People vs. Alarcon, 69 Phil. 265 (1939)
    • In Re Ramon Tulfo, AM 90-4-1545-0, April 17, 1990
    • Nestle Phils. Vs. Sanchez, 154 SCRA 542 (1987)
    • In Re Atty. Emil Jurado AM 90-5-2373 July 12, 1990
  • Freedom of Expression, Movie Censorship, Obscenity and the Right to Privacy
    • Gonzales vs. Kalaw Katikbak, 137 SCRA 356 (1985)
    • Lagunzad vs. Sotto, Vda. De Gonzales 92 SCRA 476 (1979)
    • Ayer Productions vs. Judge Capulong, 160 SCRA 861 (1988)
    • KMU v. Director General, G.R. No. 167798, April 19, 2006
    • TRCB v. ABS-CBN, G.R. No. 155282, January 17, 2005
    • Reno v. ACLU, June 26, 1997, D-96-511
    • Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973)
    • Ernando v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 159751, December 6, 2006
  • Radio Broadcasts
    • Eastern Broadcasting Corp. (DYRE) vs. Dans, 137 SCRA 247 (1985)

FREEDOM OF ASSEMBLY

  • BP Blg. 880 (Public Assembly Act of 1985)
  • Primicias vs. Fugoso, 80 Phil. 71 (1948)
  • Navarro vs. Villegas, 31 SCRA 730 (1970)
  • Ignacio vs. Ela, 99 Phil. 346 (1956)
  • J.B.I. Reyes vs. Bagatsing, 125 SCRA 553 (1983)
  • Ruiz vs. Gordon, 126 SCRA 233 (1983)
  • Malabanan vs. Ramento, 129 SCRA 359 (1984)
  • Arreza vs. GAUF, 137 SCRA 94 (1985)
  • German vs. Barangan, 135 SCRA 514 (1985)
  • Acosta v. CA and CSC GR 132088 Jun 28, 2000
  • Bayan v. Ermita, G.R. No. 169848, April 25, 2006

FREEDOM OF INFORMATION

  • Art. III, Sec. 7
  • Baldoza vs. Dimaano, 71 SCRA 14 (1976)
  • Tanada vs. Tuvera, supra
  • Valmonte vs. Belmonte, 170 SCRA 256 (1989)
  • Legaspi vs. CSC, 150 SCRA 530 (1987)
  • Garcia vs. BOI, 177 SCRA 374 (1989)

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

  • Art. III, Sec. 8
  • Art. IX, Sec. 2 (5)
  • Art. XIII, Sec. 3, par. 2
  • Occena vs. COMELEC, 127 SCRA 404 (1985)
  • In re Edillon, 84 SCRA (1979)
  • Rotary Int’l v. Rotary Club, 481 U.S. 537 (1987)

FREEDOM OF RELIGION

  • Art. III, Sec. 5
  • Nonstablishment Clause
  • Operation of Secretarian schools
    • Art. XIV, Sec. 4(2)
  • Religions instruction in Public schools
    • Art. XIV, Sec. 3(3)
    • Civil Code, Art. 359(1)
  • Anti-evolution laws
    • Epperson vs. Arkansas, 33 U.S. 27 (1968)
  • Prayer and Bible reading in public schools
    • Engel vs. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962)
    • Abington Schools Dist. vs. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203 (1973)
    • Stone v. Graham, 449 U.S. 39 (1980)
  • Tax exemption
    • Art. VI, Sec. 28 (3)
  • Pubic aid to religion
    • Art. VI, Sec. 29 (2)
    • Aglipay  vs. Ruiz, 64 Phil. 201 (1937)
    • Mueller v. Allen, 463 U.S. 388 (1983)
    • Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971)
    • Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 U.S. 38 (1985)
    • Islamic Da ‘wah Counsil v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 153888, July 9, 2003
  • Intramural religious disputes
    • Fonacier vs. CA, 96 Phil. 417 (1955)
  • Free Exercise Clause
    • Estrada v. Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651, June 22, 2006
  • Flag salute
    • West Va Board of Education vs. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624 (1943)
    • Ebralinag v. Division Superintended (March     1, 1993)
  • Freedom to propagate religious doctrines
    • American Bible Society vs. City of Manila, 181 Phil. 386 (1957)
    • Swaggart Ministries v. Cal Bd. Of Equalization, 493 U.S. 378 (1990)
  • Exemption from Union shop
    • Victoriano vs. Elizalde Rope Workers Union, 59 SCRA 54 (1974)
  • Disqualification for local government officials
    • Pamil vs. Watkins 367 U.S. 488 (1961)
  • Religious Test
    • Torcaso vs. Watkins 367 U.S. 488 (1961)

LIBERTY OF ABODE AND TRAVEL

  • Art. III, Sec. 6
    • Salonga vs. Hermosa, 97 SCRA 121 (1989)
    • Caunca vs. Salazar, 82 Phil. 851 (1940)
    • Manotok vs. CA. 142 SCRA 149 (1986)
    • Marcos vs. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668 (1989)
    • Silverio vs. CA, G.R . no. 94284 April 8, 1991
    • Lorenzo v. Director of Health, 50 Phil. 595

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